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There has been discussion on the BetterGEDCOM wiki that may have created some conflict about citations. How about some examples?

SOURCES are articles and books, vital records, census and other government documents, interviews, websites, photographs or drawings, maps… and the list goes on. Our sources are the materials from which we obtain information. [EE (2007), 828]

CITATIONS are statements that identify “the source of an assertion.” [EE, 2007, 820] From CMOS Online, "Ethics, copyright laws, and courtesy to readers require authors to identify the sources of direct quotations or paraphrases and of any facts or opinions not generally known or easily checked ... Conventions for documentation vary according to scholarly discipline, the preferences of publishers and authors, and the needs of a particular work." [CMOS Online, 14.1]

Mills' genealogical citation principals are based on three essentials-evaluation, identification and description. [EE, 2007, 38] Mills also writes, citations "record details that affect the use or evaluation of that data" [EE, 2007, 142]

In terms of BetterGEDCOM, we recognize that sources can be identified, classified or categorized in different ways and that citations take three forms—(1) source list citations, (2) source label citations (aka a label or document label) and (3) reference note citations. [EE, 2007, 43]

  • Source List citations are compiled into a bibliography or a list of "works cited." These lists maybe simply alphabetized or grouped and then alphabetized. The content and arrangement of a source list citation is influence by how the user want to present and sort the list.
  • Source Label citations are attached to items, documents or images. The focus and level of detail (content) of a source label varies by the content or context of the item to which the citation is attached. (The focus of a citation for a full census page is different than if the focus is a particular household on that same census page.)
  • Reference Note citations are developed as footnotes or endnotes, each keyed or tied to a an assertion or "fact" by a "reference" (or "note number" [CMOS Online, 14.21]). The reference note focus or level of detail is relative to both (a) the assertion from which it is referenced and (b) the particular passage in the source being referenced. In use (in text), the references or note numbers are often superscript and appear "at the end of a sentence of end of a clause." [CMOS Online, 14.21]

EXAMPLES

101 (1840 US Census) - 102 File Memo - 103 E-Mail - 104 BK-Spooner - 105 US Cen Database - 106 1850 US Census -
107 1850 US Census (household) - 108 Iowa St Cen Database - 109 1856 Iowa St Census - 110 1860 US Census -
111 1870 US Census - 112 1880 US Census - 113 MV Cemetery 1 - 114 Date Calculator 1 - 115 Hwy 64 Cem - 116 Death Register -
118 Date Calculator 2 - 119 Iowa Deaths - 120 VR Hardwick - 121 VR Hardwick 2 - 122 Michigan Marriages -


101 Example-1840 U.S. census

Principle references: EE, 2007, pp. 43, 67-71, 240 [QuickCheck example, 1850], 257-258 [census source lists], 257 [placement of person of interest], 265 [use of generic titles for U.S. census], 268-272 [early census and online images], 275 [1840 example]. See also TGF-L, "... help with source list hierarchy ..."

(a) User's source list citations examples (working file)

Ohio. Williams County. 1840 U.S. census. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2005.
U.S. Ohio. Williams County. 1840 census. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2005.
Census. 1840. U.S. Ohio. Williams County. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2005.

(b) A user's source Label citation (working file)

1840 U.S. census, Williams County, Ohio, St. Joseph Township, p. 219 (stamped on right page); digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 August 2005), citing National Archives microfilm publication M704, roll 433.


CG_101-1840_Census.png

(c) User's options for full reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. For the residence of Asa Thomas at 1840, it might read:
1. 1840 U.S. census, Williams County, Ohio, St. Joseph Township, p. 219 (stamped on right page), line 7, Asa Thomas household; digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 August 2005), citing National Archives microfilm publication M704, roll 433.

As to other working file assertions, a reference note might read:
2. 1840 U.S. census, Williams County, Ohio, St. Joseph Township, p. 219 (stamped on right page), line 7, Asa Thomas household; digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 August 2005), citing National Archives microfilm publication M704, roll 433. Asa's son, Elihu R. (separately, b. 1839) was not included in the household tally; see the entry at line 10 for Asenath Preston, Elihu's mother.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications.

102 Example-File memorandum 1840 census

Principle references: EE, 2007, p. 113 [QuickCheck for private holdings; collection as lead element], 121 [3.8, Collection as lead element], 156-157 ["Research Files & Reports..."].

(a) Source List Entry (working file)

Preston-Butler research files. Privately held by compiler, Arizona.
Composer, GeneJ. File memorandum concerning 1840 U.S. Census for Asenath Preston and Asa Thomas, 16 Feb 2006.

(b) User's source label (working file)

GeneJ Composer, file memorandum concerning 1840 U.S. census of Asenath Preston and Asa Thomas, 16 Feb 2006; Preston-Butler research files; privately held by compiler, Arizona.
CG_102-File_memo_1840_census3.png

(c) User full reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. The example below might be reference from a database conflict tag:
3. GeneJ Composer, file memorandum concerning 1840 U.S. census of Asenath Preston and Asa Thomas, 16 Feb 2006; Preston-Butler research files; privately held by compiler, Arizona. If Asenath (Butler) Preston and Asa Thomas married in 1838 (Records of William Spooner...), why is she enumerated separately as Asenath Preston? Note the two extra men in the household tally, one ae 10-15; one ae 30-40.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications


103 Example-Personal E-mail

Principle references: EE, 2007, p. 113 [QuickCheck for E-mail], 153-154 [Writer as lead and private address]

(a) Source list citations (working file)

E-mail archive. Privately held by GeneJ, Arizona.
Preston, Gene, Michigan. "Wm Preston' #7 Estate." 11 Sept 2008. E-mail to GeneJ, Arizona. Privately held by recipient.
Preston, Gene, Michigan. E-mail from [(E-address for private use),] to GeneJ. "Wm Preston' #7's Estate." 11 Sept 2008. Privately held by GeneJ, Arizona.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

Gene Preston, Michigan, to GeneJ, E-mail, 11 Sept 2008, “Wm. Preston’ #7’s Estate”; E-mail archive, privately held by GeneJ, Arizona.
CG-103-2008_E-mail3.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. The example below might be reference to a marriage tag:
4. Gene Preston, Michigan, to GeneJ, “Wm. Preston’ #7’s Estate,” E-mail dated 11 Sept 2008; E-mail archive, privately held by GeneJ, Arizona. Asa and Asenath presumably married before 18 June 1845; deed then dated gives her surname as Thomas.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)

104-Example-Records of William Spooner ...

Principle references: EE, 2007, p. 662 [Online publication]
Note: The title page suggests this is a multivolume work, but Library of Congress Online Catalog appears to report only one volume, published 1883.

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Spooner, Thomas. Records of William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass., and his descendants. 1883. Digital image(s). Internet Archive. http://www.archive.org: 2011.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

Thomas Spooner, Records of William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass., and his descendants (1883) 1:246, 252-253; digital images, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 11 July 2011).
CG-104-Records_of_William_Spooner.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. The example below might be reference to a marriage tag:
5. Thomas Spooner, Records of William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass., and his descendants (1883) 1:246, 252-253; digital images, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 11 July 2011), entry for Asa Ruggles [Thomas], b. 6 July 1799; m. 10 June 1838 "Acenath P. Butler, d. of John Butler"; first child, Elihu R., b. 12 Aug 1841. Note: 1840 U.S. census has bride enumerated separately and as Asenath Preston.

For the birth of Asenath Butler, a working file reference note might read:
6. Thomas Spooner, Records of William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass., and his descendants (1883) 1:246, 252-253; digital images, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 11 July 2011), entry for Asa Ruggles [Thomas], b. 6 July 1799. Reports "Acenath P. Butler, d. of John Butler, b. Mar 22, 1803."

Two generic reference note ports from Zotero are below. The first came from WorldCat; the second, Internet Archive, The images of the two Zotero info screens (reporting the capture) follow each entry.

From WorldCat. Pretty nice.
7. Thomas Spooner, Records of William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass., and his descendants. (Cincinnati: [Press of F.W. Freeman], 1883).
Zotero-Spooner.png

From Internet Archive ... needs a little work.
8. Records of William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass. : and his descendants, vol. I : Spooner, Thomas, b. 1817 : Free Download & Streaming : Internet Archive, n.d., http://www.archive.org/details/recordsofwilliam01spoo.
Zotero-SpoonerIA.png


If I edit the Internet Archive information, I then can port as follows. I could edit the raw entry into a pretty nice starter citation.
9. Thomas Spooner, Records of William Spooner, of Plymouth, Mass. : and his descendants, 1883, http://www.archive.org.
Zotero-SpoonerIAed2.png


(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


105 Example-"1850 United States Federal Census" database

Principle references: EE, 2007, p. 254 [QuickCheck, database online], 275 [online databases], 277 [Ancestry census database].

(a) Source list citations (working file)

"1850 United States Federal Census." Database. Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2011.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

“1850 United States Federal Census,” database (screenshot), Ancestry.com (http//www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 July 2011), entry for Asa Thomas (ae 51), Florence, Williams County, Ohio.
CG-105-1850_United_States_Federal_Census_database.png
CG-105-1850_United_States_Federal_Census_database.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. The citation label contains enough information that it might be all that is used if this were reference from a residence tag for Asa Thomas. (Less the reference to the screenshot, thank you).
10. “1850 United States Federal Census,” database, Ancestry.com (http//www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 July 2011), entry for Asa Thomas (ae 51), Florence, Williams County, Ohio.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


106 Example-1850 U.S. census (digital images)

Principle references: EE, 2007,p. 240 [QuickCheck, digital images ...], 259 [about enumeration year vs visitation date, and other citation element explanations], 275-277 [1850 U.S. census].

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Ohio. Williams County. 1850 U.S. census. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
U.S. Ohio. Williams County. 1850 census. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
Census. 1850. U.S. Ohio. Williams County. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

1850 U.S. census, Williams County, Ohio, population schedule, Florence, p. 59 (stamped); digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 26 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M432, roll 74.
CG-106-1850_US_census2.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. For the residence of Asa Thomas at 1850, it might read:
11. 1850 U.S. census, Williams County, Ohio, population schedule, Florence, p. 59 (stamped), dwelling 808, family 810, Asa Thomas household; digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 26 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M432, roll 74. One door down from John VanWormer.

I like to see relative census data, particularly for household members. I usually create one "master source" for census and include note details at the master level. (I don't repeat those note details in the subsequent reference notes.) My working file citations usually include the census visitation date (date of enumeration), too, though I see Mills considers this extraneous [EE, 2007, 259].
12. 1850 U.S. census, Williams County, Ohio, population schedule, Florence, p. 59 (stamped), dwelling 808, family 810, Asa Thomas household, 27 September 1850; digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 26 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M432, roll 74. Asa is ae 51, b. Maine, a carpenter; apparent wife, Aseneth Thomas, ae 47, b. Mich (doesn't read/write); apparent children b. Ohio and attend. school, Elihu Thomas, ae 11; Edward Thomas, ae 9. One door down from John VanWormer.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


107 Example-1850 U.S. census (digital image/household focus)

I included 107 to show how a source label might appear if the census source was focused at the household level (which is a common focus of a U.S. census full reference note). This focus is a rather rather simple application of the broader concept of "higher" or "lower" sources. Understanding higher or lower sources is especially useful when the source is a document within a folder, which is part of a collection, etc. in an archive. See also GENTECH Data Model (http://www.ngsgenealogy.org/cs/GenTech_Projects ) and Robert Raymond, "Interoperable Citation Exchange 2009-03-11.pdf," p. 22.

(a) Source list citations (working file)

See "106 Example-1850 U.S. census (digital image)."

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

1850 U.S. census, Williams County, Ohio, population schedule, Florence, page 59 (stamped), dwelling 808, family 810, Asa Thomas household; digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 26 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M432, roll 74.
CG-107-1850_US_census_household.png


(c) Reference note (working file)

See "106 Example-1850 U.S. census (digital image)"

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


108 Example-"Iowa State Census Collection ..." database.

I included 108 to show (or reinforce) that the "person of interest" element for a database source label or reference note citation is reporting about the level of focus--it actually identifies the source record. Without that element, the citation would just refer to the entire database. (There might be many entries for the name Asa Thomas in some databases.) It's likely many users reserve the more general (higher level) focus for their source list citations.

Principle references: EE, 2007, p. 296-297.

(a) Source list citations (working file)

"Iowa State Census Collection, 1836-1925." Database. Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2011.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

“Iowa State Census Collection, 1836-1925,” database (screenshot), Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 July 2011), entry for Asa R. Thomas, 1856 (Jones County).
CG-108-1856_Iowa_State_Census_Collection_database.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. For a residence tag, the citation might read as below. (See 109 Example for a more meaningful citation).
13. “Iowa State Census Collection, 1836-1925,” database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 July 2011), entry for Asa R. Thomas, 1856 (Jones County);

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


109 Example-1856 Iowa state census (digital images)

I included 109 as an example of what one user called "hybrids"--sources about which Evidence Explained principles apply, but there is no specific example in the work, much less a QuickCheck model. See Mills 2007 listserve exchange with Cheri (link in Principle references).
Principle References. Mills to Cheri, APG-L, 18 Mar 2007 ; EE, 2007, p. 296-297.
See also, Ancestry.com.

(a) Source list citations (working file)

See also 101 Example-1840 U.S. census
Iowa. Jones County. 1856 state census, population schedule. Iowa Historical Society. Consulted as “Iowa State Census Collection, 1836-1925.” Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2007.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

1856 Iowa state census, Jones County, population schedule, Madison township, page 316-317 (stamped); “Iowa State Census Collection, 1836-1925,” digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 22 September 2007), citing “Microfilm of Iowa State Censuses, 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925 as well various special censuses from 1836-1897 obtained from the State Historical Society of Iowa via Heritage Quest.”
CG-109-1856_Iowa_state_census_pages.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. For a residence/migration tag, the citation might read as below:
14. 1856 Iowa state census, Jones County, population schedule, Madison township, page 316-317 (stamped), dwelling 18, family 20, Asa R.Thomas household; “Iowa State Census Collection, 1836-1925,” digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 22 September 2007), citing “Microfilm of Iowa State Censuses, 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925 as well various special censuses from 1836-1897 obtained from the State Historical Society of Iowa via Heritage Quest”; apparent microfilming note stamped "tight binding"; reports all household members have resided Iowa one year (indirectly, migrated 1855). None of Asenath's Preston children were identified Jones County entries about the 1856 Iowa state census.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


110 Example-1860 U.S. census (digital images)

Principle references: EE, 2007, p. 248 [QuickCheck model for 1850-1870], 277-278 [1860 U.S. census].

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Iowa. Jones County. 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
U.S. Iowa. Jones County. 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com.http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
Census. 1860. U.S. Iowa. Jones County. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

1860 U.S. census, Jones County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison, p. 71 (as page; upper left); digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 27 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M653, roll 328.
CG-110-1860_US_census.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. For a relationship tag, the citation might read as below:
15. 1860 U.S. census, Jones County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison, p. 71 (as page; upper left), dwelling 517, family 512, Asa R. Thomas household; digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 27 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M653, roll 328; also residing in the home is Geo W. Preston, ae 28, b. Ohio, a "Farm Laborer w. for mother."

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


111 Example-1870 U.S. census (digital images)

Principle references: EE, 2007, p. 248 [QuickCheck model for 1850-1870], 278-279 [1870 U.S. census].

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Iowa. Jones County. 1870 U.S. census, population schedule. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
U.S. Iowa. Jones County. 1870 U.S. census, population schedule. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com.http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
Census. 1870. U.S. Iowa. Jones County. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

1870 U.S. census, Jones County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison, p. 124 (stamped), sheet 23 (penned as page); digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 27 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M593, roll 401.
CG-111-1870_US_census.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working file citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. For a relationship tag, the citation might read as below:
16. 1870 U.S. census, Jones County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison, p. 124 (stamped), sheet 23 (penned as page), dwelling 163, family 167, A. R. Thomas household; digital image(s), Ancestry.com(http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 27 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication M593, roll 401. Two doors down from H. C. Preston (separately, Aseanth's son) and family; one door from George Preston (separately, Aseanth's son) and family; one door up from Lucius VanWormer and apparent wife, Alice (separately, Aseanth's dau.), and their family.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


112 Example-1880 U.S. census (digital images)

In brief: The U.S. census examples posted as Citation Graphics are population schedules (family historians also work with there are other U.S. census schedules. See the blog posting here for an example of other census schedule work). Almost every U.S. census (1790-1930 are accessible) is unique in content. In terms of general presentation and organization (influences citation details), U.S. census fall into three categories: (a) early census (1790-1840) that report head of household and provide general ages of household residents ; (b) 1850-1870, where the names and ages of residents are given, but relationships are not reported; (c) post 1880, which include enumeration districts and report relationships between household members.

Principal references: EE, 2007, p. 240 [QuickCheck, Online commercial site], 250 [QuickCheck, 1880-1930, NARA films], 279-282 [1880, 1890, 1900 and 1910-1930 U.S. census].
See also, Ancestry.com

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Iowa. Jones County. 1880 U.S. census, population schedule. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
U.S. Iowa. Jones County. 1880 U.S. census, population schedule. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com.http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.
Census. 1880. U.S. Iowa. Jones County. Digital image(s). Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com : 2006.

If the census was access via microfilm, as with the NARA film cited below, the source list citation would include the film details (the source label citation and reference note would likewise report about the film):
Iowa. Jones County. 1880 U.S. census, population schedule. NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 348. Washington, D.C. National Archives and Records Administration.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

1880 U.S. census, Jones County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison Township, p. 410A (stamped), enumeration district (ED) 334, sheet 13 (penned as page); digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 27 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication T9, roll 348.
CG-112-1880_US_census.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced ....
17. 1880 U.S. census, Jones County, Iowa, population schedule, Madison Township, p. 410A (stamped), enumeration district (ED) 334, sheet 13 (penned as page), dwelling 121, family 121, Asa Thomas household; digital image(s), Ancestry.com (http: www.ancestry.com : accessed 27 December 2006), citing National Archives microfilm publication T9, roll 348. One door up from household of George W. Preston [separately, Asenath's son]; one door down from William Stingley and wife Estelle and family [Estelle is separately the dau. of Henry C. Preston, Asenath's son]; at dwelling 128 is Mark L. VanWormer household [Mark is separately son of Alice (Preston) VanWormer, Asenath's daughter].

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


113 Example-"Madison Village [Cemetery]"

Note: This example is related to others that follow numbered 114-119.
Principle references: References: EE, 2007, p. 495.
See also, //Jones County Iowa GenWeb// > Cemeteries > Madison Village

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Christianson, Jim and Joanne Wilken, compilers. “Madison Village [Cemetery].” Abstracts. Jones County Iowa GenWeb. http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/cemetery/MadisonVillage.htm : 2006.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

Jim Christianson and Joanne Wilken, compilers, “Madison Village [Cemetery],” database (screenshot), Jones County Iowa GenWeb (http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/cemetery/MadisonVillage.htm : accessed 26 Dec 2006); in relevant part, cites reading by Jones County Genealogical Society, n.d. Reports cemetery located Madison township, section 20 (42°04'10"N,091°06'10"W), also known as “Union Cemetery.”
CG-113-Madison_Village_Cem.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. A citation here for notice of Asa's burial and tombstone reading.
18. Jim Christianson and Joanne Wilken, compilers, “Madison Village [Cemetery],” database (screenshot), Jones County Iowa GenWeb(http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/cemetery/MadisonVillage.htm : accessed 26 Dec 2006); entry for row 4, lot 6, "Acy r. Thomas," died "9-12-1880" [based on review of other entries, 12 Sept 1880], age "82y 2m 6d"; cites reading by Jones County Genealogical Society, n.d. Database reports cemetery located Madison township, section 20 (42°04'10"N,091°06'10"W), also known as “Union Cemetery.”

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


114 Example-TMG Date Calculator (cemetery)

Note: This example is related to others. See those numbered 113, 115-119.

(a) Source list citations (working file)

The Master Genealogist, v7. Date Calculator.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

The Master Genealogist v7, date calculator, estimating date of birth from age at death about “Acy R. Thomas” from “Madison Village [Cemetery],” abstracts, Jones County Iowa GenWeb (http://rootsweb.com/~iajones/cemetery/MadisonVillage.htm).
CG-114-TMG_Date_Calculator_cemetery.png


(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. In my working file, the citation for this source would be merged with the citation, above, to report as follows, including reference to the indirect information about Asa's birth based on information about his age at death:
19. Jim Christianson and Joanne Wilken, compilers, “Madison Village [Cemetery],” database (screenshot), Jones County Iowa GenWeb(http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/cemetery/MadisonVillage.htm : accessed 26 Dec 2006), entry for row 4, lot 6, "Acy r. Thomas," died "9-12-1880" [based on review of other entries, 12 Sept 1880], age "82y 2m 6d,"
cites reading by Jones County Genealogical Society, n.d. Indirectly, reports Asa b. 6 July 1798 [The Master Genealogist v7, date calculator]). Records of William Spooner... (1883) has Asa's birth as 06 July 1799. Database reports cemetery located Madison township, section 20 (42°04'10"N,091°06'10"W), also known as “Union Cemetery,”

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


115 Example-"Hwy 64 and 120th Street Cemetery"

Note: This example is related to others. See those numbered 113-114, 116-119.
Principle references:
See also, //The Wayback Machine//

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Sampica, Marsha and Jones County Genealogical Society. “Hwy 64 and 120th Street Cemetery.” Mapped cemetery reading. The Iowa Tombstone Transcription Project. http://rootsweb.com/~cemetery/iowa/cemeteries/joneshwy64120streetcemetery.htm : 2006.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

Marsha Sampica and Jones County Genealogical Society (JCGS), "Hwy 64 and 120th Street Cemetery," mapped cemetery reading (spreadsheet styled), The (Iowa) Tombstone Transcription Project (http://www.rootsweb.com/~cemetery/iowa/cemeteries/joneshwy64120streetcemetery.htm : accessed 25 December 2006). As of July, 2011, the URL returns a broken link; page image can be accessed via The Wayback Machine (http://bit.ly/pWNtjh).
CG-115-Sampica_reading_Madison_Village_Cemetery2.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. As with the prior citation example (114), this source would be merged with a date calculator record, somewhat as below:
20. Marsha Sampica and Jones County Genealogical Society (JCGS), "Hwy 64 and 120th Street Cemetery," mapped cemetery reading (spreadsheet styled), The (Iowa) Tombstone Transcription Project(http://www.rootsweb.com/~cemetery/iowa/cemeteries/joneshwy64120streetcemetery.htm : accessed 25 December 2006), entry for "Ase R. Thomas," row 7, headsone 4, d. Sept 12, 1880, aged 82 yrs 2 ms 6 ds," (indirectly, born 6 July 1798 [The Master Genealogist v7, date calculator]). As of July, 2011, the URL returns a broken link for Sampica's reading; page image can be accessed via The Wayback Machine (http://bit.ly/pWNtjh.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


116 Example-Jones County Death Register

Note: This example is related to others. See those numbered 113-115, 117-119.
Principle references:
See also, //Jones County Iowa GenWeb// > Deaths

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Kuhfittig, Mary Kay, compiler. Jones County Death Register 1 (1 Sep 1880-11 Nov 1897). Abstracts. Jones County Iowa GenWeb. http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/cemetery/MadisonVillage.htm : 2006.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

Mary Kay Kuhfittig, compiler, Jones County Death Register 1 (1 Sep 1880 - 11 Nov 1897), abstracts, Jones County Iowa GenWeb (http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/deaths/deaths.htm : accessed 8 June 2006), entries below for Thomas surname, cites FHL film 1255499.
CG-116-Jones_County_Death_Register_1.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced. Every field in this abstract provides meaningful information, so a researcher would probably compare and contrast the information learned from other sources (Asa's birth, marital status, when he migrated to the county, where he resided at the time of death, where he was buried ...). The citation for one noteworthy pfact follows.
21. Mary Kay Kuhfittig, compiler, Jones County Death Register 1 (1 Sep 1880 - 11 Nov 1897), abstracts, Jones County Iowa GenWeb(http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/deaths/deaths.htm : accessed 8 June 2006), Asa R. Thomas, d. 12 Sept 1880, cites FHL film 1255499. Reports Asa age at death as 82y, 2m, 6d.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


118 Example-TMG Date Calculator (death register)

Note: This example is related to others. See those numbered 113-119.
Principle references:
See also, //Jones County Iowa GenWeb// > Deaths

(a) Source list citations (working file)

The Master Genealogist, v7. Date Calculator.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

The Master Genealogist v7, date calculator, estimating date of birth from age at death about “Asa R. Thomas” based on details in Jones County Death Register 1, abstracts, Jones County GenWeb (http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/deaths/deaths.htm).
CG-118-TMG_Date_Calculator_death3.png


(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced ... this citation might be recorded separately,
22. The Master Genealogist v7, date calculator, estimating date of birth as ca 06 July 1798 from age at death about “Asa R. Thomas” based on details in Jones County Death Register 1, abstracts, Jones County GenWeb (http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/deaths/deaths.htm). Records of William Spooner... (1883) has Asa's birth as 06 July 1799.

... or merged with example 117.
23. Mary Kay Kuhfittig, compiler, Jones County Death Register 1 (1 Sep 1880 - 11 Nov 1897), abstracts, Jones County Iowa GenWeb(http://www.rootsweb.com/~iajones/deaths/deaths.htm : accessed 8 June 2006), cites FHL film 1255499, for Asa R. Thomas, d. 12 Sept 1880, cites FHL film 1255499. Reports Asa age at death as 82y, 2m, 6d (indirectly, b.
ca 06 July 1798 [The Master Genealogist v7, date calculator]). Records of William Spooner... (1883) has Asa's birth as 06 July 1799.

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


119 Example-"Iowa Deaths and Burials ..."

Note: This example is related to others. See those numbered 113-117.
Principle references:
See also, FamilySearch

(a) Source list citations (working file)

"Iowa Deaths and Burials." Database. FamilySearch http://www.familysearch.org : 2011.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

“Iowa Deaths and Burials,” database (screenshot), FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 11 July 2011), entry for Asa R. Thomas, d. 12 Sep 1880, cites FHL film 1673845 [“Jones County (Iowa), Death Records, 1880-1933”].
CG-119-Iowa_Deaths_and_Burials.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced.
24. “Iowa Deaths and Burials,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 11 July 2011), entry for Asa R. Thomas, d. 12 Sep 1880, cites FHL film 1673845 [“Jones County (Iowa), Death Records, 1880-1933”].

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


120 Example-Vital Records of Hardwick (births)

Principle references: EE 470 [Town Registers: New England]
See also, //InternetArchive// > //Vital Records of Hardwick ...//

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Baldwin, Thomas and Hardwick (Mass.). Vital records of Hardwick, Massachusetts, to the year 1850. 1883. Digital images. Internet Archive. http://www.archive.org : 2011.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

Thomas Baldwin and Hardwick (Mass.), Vital records of Hardwick, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (1917), 110-111; digital images, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 11 July 2011).
CG-120-VR_Hardwick_BTH.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced.
25. Thomas Baldwin and Hardwick (Mass.), Vital records of Hardwick, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (1917), 111, for "Asa R. [Thomas], s. Daniel and Polly, [b.] in Penobscot, July 8, 1799"; digital images, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 11 July 2011).

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


121 Example-Vital Records of Hardwick (marriages)

Principle references: EE 470 [Town Registers: New England]
See also, //InternetArchive// > //Vital Records of Hardwick ...//

(a) Source list citations (working file)

Baldwin, Thomas and Hardwick (Mass.). Vital records of Hardwick, Massachusetts, to the year 1850. 1883. Digital images. Internet Archive. http://www.archive.org : 2011.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

Thomas Baldwin and Hardwick (Mass.), Vital records of Hardwick, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (1917), 252; digital images, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 11 July 2011).
CG-121-VR_Hardwick_MAR.png

(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced.
26. Thomas Baldwin and Hardwick (Mass.), Vital records of Hardwick, Massachusetts, to the year 1850 (1917), 252, for Daniel Thomas-Polly Ruggles, marriage, 3 Sept 1798; digital images, Internet Archive (http://www.archive.org : accessed 11 July 2011).

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)


122 Example-"Michigan Marriages ..." database

Principle references:
See also, FamilySearch

(a) Source list citations (working file)

“Michigan Marriages, 1822-1995." Database. FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : 2011.

(b) Source Label citation (working file)

“Michigan Marriages, 1822-1995,” database (screenshot), FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 11 July 2011), for Thomas-Preston marriage, 1841, cites FHL film 927427 [“Birth, marriage and death records of Hillsdale County (Michigan)”].
CG-122-Michigan_Marriages_database.png


(c) Reference note (working file)

An actual working fie citation would depend on the assertion from which the citation was referenced.
27. “Michigan Marriages, 1822-1995,” database, FamilySearch (http://www.familysearch.org : accessed 11 July 2011), for Asa R. Thomas-Asenath Preston marriage, 26 Mar 1841, cites FHL film 927427 [“Birth, marriage and death records of Hillsdale County (Michigan)”].

(d) Database design and BetterGEDCOM implications (working file)